The Evaporative Control Canister Filter is a charcoal filter that resides inside a storage device that traps fuel vapors from escaping into the atmosphere. The emissions control system transfers the fuel vapors from the sealed fuel tank to the evaporative control canister until the engine is able to use the extra fuel vapor. The system is required in order to detect evaporative fuel system leaks as small as 0.040 inch between the fuel filler cap and the evaporative control canister purge valve.
Emissions hoses and tubes attach to the fuel line and are made of materials designed to withstand exposure to oil, fuel, vapor and moisture, which causes them to deteriorate. They are also able to withstand the heat of the engine. Despite their resistant nature, over time, these hoses and tubes become susceptible to cracks and tears.
Engine Diagnostics refers to any type of manual or computerized assessment used to identify problems your car may be experiencing. Most cars today have an onboard computer that can interface with electronic diagnostic equipment and identify specific problems that are present.
Engine Oil lubricates various parts of your car’s engine, thereby reducing friction so that the parts move easier. Engine oil also cleans the engine, inhibits corrosion, and helps cool the engine by carrying heat away from moving parts.
Engine Performance refers to… you guessed it… how your engine performs. Tune-ups are designed to check your engine to see if it’s performing at optimal settings for power and efficiency as recommended by the manufacturer. Although many tasks on newer cars are automated by your car’s computer, tune-ups ensure that things like idle speed, fuel-air mixture, spark plugs and the carburetor are properly calibrated and working at maximum capacity.
Ethanol is a fuel source derived from sugar cane, potatoes, manioc or corn. Today, most cars on the road in the U.S. run on gasoline blended with up to 10% ethanol. In an effort to find alternative clean-burning fuel sources, ethanol has emerged as a potential option. Brazil imports cars that run entirely on ethanol; however, cars manufactured for the U.S. market don’t have engines that can function with pure ethanol fuel and there are environmental concerns regarding the area needed to grow the crops required for the fuel.
The Engine Oil Level Warning System is designed to alert you when the oil in your engine is too low. In most cars, a light and/or alarm will go on when your car is low on oil. If you see the light go on, you should immediately pull over and stop the car to check the oil. Driving with too little oil can cause serious damage to your engine.
The toxic gas by-product of any internal combustion engine is more commonly known as exhaust. It is moved out and away from the vehicle with an exhaust system that includes an exhaust pipe.
The Exhaust Pipe is part of your car’s exhaust system. Like a chimney on a house, it is designed to release exhaust away from the vehicle and into the air. Exhaust pipes connect to the muffler and are often attached to the rear end of the car with a bracket. Exhaust pipes are susceptible to damage from rear end collisions, failed brackets, broken seals, and corrosion from age.
Flushing is designed to rid the engine of any residue and debris that clogs up the mechanisms and hinders their performance. To flush the engine, the oil is removed and a chemical is poured in where the oil would normally go so that it flows through various parts of the engine, removing any gunk along the way. After the chemical has done its job and flowed back out of the engine through the bottom, new oil is added. Though this type of treatment is seldom needed on newer cars, old cars where the old hasn’t been changed in a long time may benefit from flushing the engine. Other systems requiring flush services include, radiator and cooling systems, power steering, transmissions, differentials and brake systems. All of these systems lubricate components that can be equitably as expensive as engines.